Chinese foot binding had been a particularly savage process which was around largely in rural China until recently. It was mostly a social practice. The technique required the very restricted binding of the feet of girls and the maintaining of them bound to stop the foot from developing. This was a tortuous practice and brought about considerable deformity and handicap. Children who were being put through this process had to wear especially designed and produced footwear. There was quite a skill to this and the footwear that these children needed to wear were embellished very purposely and exotically. The true reason for the process of Chinese foot binding was that smaller sized feet were regarded as far more attractive in females. A much better price could be required by the family of the bride to be for the dowry. The technique was very widespread in rural China for several centuries and only recently began to die out about 100 years ago as a result of social pressures which were brought to bear on the practice because of the pain and impairment it has been causing.
You can still find a number of older Chinese woman living right now with these disfigured feet from the binding in their youth. The tragedy is because of what happened once they were kids they do need to keep their feet bound because it is more at ease than not having them bound because the deformity is now so great. There has been plenty of social and psychological analysis of the practice primarily in the context of this being carried out too please the male rather than being of any benefit to the woman. Of recent attention is the current practice of females using tight fitting high heel footwear has attracted characteristics between Chinese foot binding. Some of the social and psychological evaluation of this have certainly described the analogy among the two practices and who actually benefits from the practice. Both are painful, both create foot deformity, and both are for the benefit of men.